Underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf

Underwater exploitation subsoil

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The Mediterranean Sea has a vast maritime heritage which underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf exploitation is made difficult underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf because of the many limitations imposed by the submerged environment. Maritime cultural zone 21. In particular, the UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage (UNESCO, ) has led to the definition of basic principles and recommendations for the protection and in-situ conservation of the submerged archaeological sites. royal library of belgium, brussels. Maritime cultural zone 26. It was, however, effectively determined that cultural heritage held a low status within the context of the Law of the Sea, as it fell short in comparison to the economic potential for the exploitation of natural raw materials and seabed development; this resulted in minimal discussions regarding underwater cultural heritage within the Third.

Key among these are the complete prohibition of the commercial exploitation of underwater cultural heritage: Rule 2 and the principle that in situ preservation should always be considered as a first option. Underwater Cultural Heritage and Seabed Mining in the Northern underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf Territory: Strategy for Management Cosmos Archaeology Pty Ltd 2 2 UNDERWATER CULTURAL HERITAGE VALUES A number of underwater cultural heritage values underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf exist within the waters and intertidal zone of the NT. Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage (UNESCO : Article 2), that states as a fundamental principle, ‘the preservation of underwater cultural heritage in situ should be considered as a first option’. Introduction The cultural underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf and naturalistic heritage that lies on the seabed around the world is an important resource that raises particular attention among tourists.

Delimitation of the boundaries of underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf maritime zones with other States “continental shelf” means the seabed and subsoil of the submarine area referred to in section 15; “exclusive economic zone” means the zone prescribed in accordance with section 12;. underwater cultural heritage of legitimate activities that may incidentally affect it, Deeply concerned by the increasing commercial exploitation of underwater cultural heritage, and pdf in underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf particular by certain activities aimed at the sale, acquisition or barter of underwater cultural heritage,. 1982 Law of the Sea Convention (LOSC) sets forth a comprehensive legal. In the case of underwater cultural heritage, such an application must be submitted irrespective of where the underwater cultural heritage is situated.

,,, Meeting of the Parties to the Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage, Expert;Meeting of States Parties to the Convention underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property and Meetings of the Subsidiary Committee, Expert. Underwater cultural heritage is also threatened by activities that are wholly undesirable because they are intended to profit underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf few at the expense of many. What pdf is underwater cultural heritage? Should underwater cultural heritage be exploited? The Convention consists of a main text and an annex, which sets out the "Rules for activities directed at underwater cultural heritage".

What are the characteristics of a seabed? Underwater cultural heritage 20. Sediments comes from various sources:. Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage Paris, 2 November The General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, meeting in Paris from 15 October to 3 November, at its 31st session, Acknowledging the importance of underwater cultural heritage as an integral part of the. Automatic Protection as Underwater Cultural Heritage. Each underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf area of the seabed has typical features such subsoil as common soil composition, subsoil typical topography, salinity of water layers above it, marine pdf life, magnetic direction of rocks, and sedimentation.

So far, the criminal provision in the Code du patrimoine only covers underwater cultural heritage in waters subject to French underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf sovereignty (internal and territorial waters) or where France exercises sovereign rights (contiguous. — (1) The following articles are protected underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf underwater cultural heritage that is automatically protected:. The convention aims at preventing looting underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf and the destruction or loss of historic and cultural information by. Seabed topography is flat where sedimentation is heavy and covers the tectonic features. Program Specialist – UNESCO Cultural Regional pdf Office for Culture in Latin America and the Caribbean Culture and Development from the protection of underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf the Underwater Cultural Heritage perspective Finding a link between development and under-water cultural heritage might seem a difficult task underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf given, in the first place, underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf the lack of knowledge. of underwater cultural heritage pdf than those adopted in this Convention.

10 Part XI sets out a highly technical frame­. Despite this ban, “commercial exploitation” is not formally defined in the Convention and the only legally binding guidance on what constitutes commercial exploitation is the underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf two. Articles specifically addressing underwater cultural heritage (Articles 1) apply to the “area,” defined as “the sea-bed and ocean floor and subsoil thereof, beyond the limits of national jurisdiction. In the Vision for Heritage and Space, one of the objectives for the North Sea involves positioning the cultural heritage properly in terms of spatial developments on the North Sea. are immobile on or under the seabed or are unable to move except in constant physical contact with the seabed or the subsoil” (Art.

5 million Africans were held captive on 40,000+ voyages during the transatlantic slave trade. Cultural and National Heritage), and (Underwater Cultural Heritage). Consequential amendments 31. Despite this ban, “commercial exploitation” is not formally defined in the Convention and the only legally binding guidance on what constitutes commercial exploitation is the two exceptions to. Underwater cultural heritage shall not be traded, sold, bought or bartered as commercial goods. The impact of economic growth and underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf industrial exploitation in the coastal zone, coupled with sea-level rise, is likely to intensify the threats to the underwater pdf cultural heritage in underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf the coming. Rules 1–8 define general principles. Underwater cultural heritage encompasses all traces of human existence that lie or have lain underwater and have a cultural or historical character.

· More than 12. Archaeological diving tours, in fact, suffer from the impossibility to provide underwater an exhaustive explanation of the submerged remains. This includes three million shipwrecks such as Titanic, Belitung and the 4,000 shipwrecks of the sunken fleet of Kublai Khan. UNESCO Convention on the underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf Protection of Underwater Cultural Heritage. The seabed is often called "the biggest museum of the world".

📮 Download the Brief. subsoil PART IX - UNDERWATER CULTURAL HERITAGE 24. No Commercial Exploitation - The Convention stipulates that underwater cultural heritage should not be commercially exploited for trade or speculation, and that it should not be irretrievably dispersed. within which archaeological sites, shipwrecks, or any object of underwater cultural heritage are situated to be a protected zone and/or restricted area.

(7) A person shall not engage in any activity directed at underwater cultural heritage that is not in accordance with the Rules in the Schedule. Current US pdf treatment of underwater cultural heritage beyond the territorial sea is analysed in light of Law of the Sea principles and the UNESCO Draft Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage. provides widely recognized practical rules for the underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf treatment and research of underwater cultural heritage. Such interest is attributed to the sense of.

the Underwater underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf Cultural Heritage (Paris, ) and maritime WWI heritage in the Belgian part of the underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf subsoil North Sea underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf Marnix Pieters marks the centenary of the First World War (WWI). scientific colloquium on factors impacting underwater cultural. This kind of heritage is covered by the. Kev words: underwater cultural heritage. Underwater cultural heritage in internal waters, archipelagic waters and territorial sea 25. of underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf cultural origin, or the State of historical and archaeological origin. treasure salvage. The Parties to such bilateral,regional or other multilateral agreements may invite underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf States with a verifiable link, especially a cultural, historical or archaeological link, to the underwater cultural heritage concerned to join such agreements.

The UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage bans the commercial exploitation of underwater cultural heritage. This underwater cultural heritage is protected by the UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage. Keywords: underwater cultural heritage; diving tourism; virtual diving; sustainable tourism 1. december. b) The seabed located beyond the limits of the continental shelf is called the Area and is subject to the special regime of the common heritage of mankind (Part XI UNCLOS).

. The second paragraph of the preceding Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to the competent authority where there underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf is a discovery of suspected underwater cultural heritage or an activity directed at underwater cultural heritage on the seabed, ocean floor or subsoil outside the exclusive economic area or the continental shelf of the Republic of. : Rule 1 The rules also cover aspects such as project design, conservation, documentation, and reporting. · In defining underwater cultural heritage, the United States favors restricting the term to &39;objects of prehistoric, archaeological, historical or cultural significance found underwater on or under the seabed, and which have been under- water for at least 50 years&39; (USA, 1999).

All over the world this has rekindled the interest in underwater cultural heritage linked to this cataclysm. The protection underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf of underwater cultural heritage has been described as &39;the last major issue of a global nature that needs to be resolved in the Law of the Sea&39;. . The Convention provides a standard subsoil for managing activities directed at underwater cultural heritage wherever it is located. Many did not survive the voyage and pdf the Atl.

underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf Commercial exploitation of underwater cultural heritage for trade or speculation is fundamentally incompatible pdf with the protection and management of the heritage. 2 &39;Underwater cultural heritage&39; includes shipwrecks and other sites and objects of historical and archaeological interest such as towns and harbour works,. Summary of the Law: The. · The commercial exploitation of underwater cultural heritage for underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf trade or speculation or its irretrievable dispersal is fundamentally incompatible with the protection and proper management of underwater cultural heritage. Introduction ost nations have laws regulating the.

Underwater cultural heritage and exploitation of seabed and subsoil pdf

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